GIS Services Are Used in Various Different Fields


A Geographic Information System (GIS) or Geographical Information System is any system that captures, stores, analyzes, manages, and presents data that is linked to location, area or region. Technically, GIS is a system that includes mapping software and its application, to remote sensing, land surveying, aerial photography, mathematics, photogrammetry, geography, and tools that can be implemented with GIS software.GIS services are required in number of fields like: archaeology, environmental impact assessment, asset management, geographic history, urban planning, cartography, criminology, marketing, scientific investigations, resource management, logistics and other purposes. For example: if the government of a nation wants to assess the impact of environmental change at various different regions, GIS helps in providing a great deal of assistance to the observers, with the facility of exact depiction of the affected areas.If a town planner wants to view the barren area where the town will come up, the planner can not visit the whole area at one go and just a glance will not be of any use, as it is practically impossible to do so. This can be easily done with the help of GIS services .

These services help in having the complete idea of every detail and give the planner enough room for implementing the best possible plan.GIS utility mapping is capable of sorting, manipulating, processing and reporting data and it even generates a digital representation of the network. It provides simplest, most comprehensive and effective function of generation of digital maps and reporting tasks that are active with an added features of advancement. We ignite the usage of the efficient tools like utility GIS mapping, in allowing an organization to check, maintain and organize its productivity.GIS utility mapping helps the business enterprise in planning a new venture at an area to which the entrepreneur is completely alien to.

Mapping helps clients to have an exact idea of the geographic location as it represents real world objects like: roads, land use, elevation, etc with digital data. Real world objects can be divided into two- abstractions: discrete objects, like a house and continuous fields, like rain fall amount.There are many companies across the world that are providing GIS services but no one can match GIS services provided by Dimensioni India as they are world class services offered to both national and international clients. They also offer out sourcing facility which is in high demand as it saves on a lot of cost. Thus, GIS is a very useful service which is of immense importance to many people belonging to various different fields.

An Expert System Powered By Uncertainty


The Artificial Intelligence community sought to understand human intelligence by building computer programs, which exhibited intelligent behavior. Intelligence was perceived to be a problem solving ability. Most human problems appeared to have reasoned, rather than mathematical, solutions. The diagnosis of a disease could hardly be calculated. If a patient had a group of symptoms, then she had a particular disease. But, such reasoning required prior knowledge. The programs needed to have the "knowledge" that the disease exhibited a particular group of symptoms. For the AI community, that vague knowledge residing in the minds of "Experts" was superior to text book knowledge. So they called the programs, which solved such problems, Expert Systems. Expert Systems managed goal oriented problem solving tasks including diagnosis, planning, scheduling, configuration and design.

One method of knowledge representation was through "If, then…" rules. When the "If" part of a rule was satisfied, then the "Then" part of the rule was concluded. These became rule based Expert Systems. But knowledge was sometimes factual and at other times, vague. Factual knowledge had clear cause to effect relationships, where clear conclusions could be drawn from concrete rules. Pain was one symptom of a disease. If the disease always exhibited pain, then pain pointed to the disease. But vague and judgmental knowledge was called heuristic knowledge. It was more of an art. The pain symptom could not mechanically point to diseases, which occasionally exhibited pain. Uncertainty did not yield concrete answers. The AI community tried to solve this problem by suggesting a statistical, or heuristic analysis of uncertainty. The possibilities were represented by real numbers or by sets of real-valued vectors. The vectors were evaluated by means of different "fuzzy" concepts.

The components of the measurements were listed, giving the basis of the numerical values. Variations were combined, using methods for computing combination of variances. The combined uncertainty and its components were expressed in the form of "standard deviations." Uncertainty was given a mathematical expression, which was hardly useful in the diagnosis of a disease. The human mind did not compute mathematical relationships to assess uncertainty. The mind knew that a particular symptom pointed to a possibility, because it used intuition, a process of elimination, to instantly identify patterns. Vague information was powerfully useful to an elimination process, since they eliminated many other possibilities. If the patient lacked pain, all diseases, which always exhibited pain, could be eliminated. Diseases, which sometimes exhibited pain were retained. Further symptoms helped identification from a greatly reduced database. A selection was easier from a smaller group. Uncertainty could be powerfully useful for an elimination process. Intuition was an algorithm, which evaluated the whole database, eliminating every context that did not fit. This algorithm has powered Expert Systems which acted speedily to recognize a disease, identify a case law or diagnose the problems of a complex machine. It was instant, holistic, and logical. If several parallel answers could be presented, as in the multiple parameters of a power plant, recognition was instant. For the mind, where millions of parameters were simultaneously presented, real time pattern recognition was practical. And elimination was the key, which could conclusively handle uncertainty, without resort to abstruse calculations.

Oracle Business Intelligence For Enterprise Benefit


Business intelligence or BI solutions have widened its scope and are used for most types of businesses. Oracle business intelligence, oracle BI solutions or Oracle BI development services involves various applications development or software creation that enables business users to gather, store, analyse, share and access any information or data that is helpful for enterprises and results into better or timely decisions for business, right information access and more revenues.Oracle business intelligence enjoys a special position in CPM which is corporate performance management, an area where BI involves to monitor and to manage all performances of organization.

Here to measure the improvements some indicators can be used to see its immediate benefits or results like profits, revenues, return on investment, overheads and operational costs. If the improvement in performance is to be seen in online businesses then there are some more factors like page views, server load, traffic on website, transactions accomplished per second or minute. Enterprises still need to ensure whether they are using best Oracle BI solutions and software so as to analyse and access data. There are many providers who offer their best oracle development to enterprise organizations so they can enjoy the most effective BI solutions.

The edition for enterprise is a special one and a very useful BI platform that helps in delivering complete range of analytic and reporting facilities. It is specially designed for more scalable, reliable and enhanced performance in any sized enterprise organization by delivering correct, relevant and more actionable or practical insight. As discussed above the results are obvious of better decision-making, real time actions and more efficient business processes that give more revenues.These apps are so beneficial and oracle has the monopoly of offering multi-sourced BI apps and the best offerings for market-leading performance management solutions which are powered by this platform.Some benefits of these enterprise BI solutions are as follows: